Etymologically, the word “drama” comes from the Greek word “draō” which means “to do or to act”. Drama is defined as a type of literature that is written for the purpose of being performed in front of an audience or a written work that tells a story through action and speech and is meant to be acted on a stage.
There are four main types of drama:Tragedy, comedy, tragicomedy, and melodrama
Comedy is a type of drama that is written to be entertaining or amusing for the audience. It is a type or genre of drama that is intended to make people laugh.
Tragedy refers to a type of drama that is serious in nature and often has an unhappy ending. It is characterized by extreme suffering, disasters, sad, terrible or sorrowful events that befall a main character.
Tragicomedy is a literary genre that blends the aspects of both tragedy and comedy. It might be a tragedy that include enough comic moments that periodically lighten the mood, or a tragedy that has a happy ending.
Melodrama was originally referred to drama that included accompanying music. Now, it is referred to a play that include highly emotional situations in order to play on the feelings of the audience. In a nutshell, melodrama is a story, play, or film in which the characters show stronger emotions than real people usually do.