A map is a visual representation of the earth’s surface or a part of an area typically represented on a flat surface.
The main elements of a good map are:
Map title: It is a heading that indicates the area depicted and the content of the map
Map Scale: It is the relationship between a unit of measure on the map and a unit of measure in the real world.
Legend/map key: It is a brief explanation of the map symbols.
Compass rose or North arrow: It is the compass rose that shows directions (North, South, East, West)
Longitude and Latitude: They are the measurements of location on the globe.
Longitude is a measure of distance east or west of the Prime Meridian. Lines of longitude are imaginary vertical lines that run north to south between poles.
Latitude is a measure of distance north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are the imaginary horizontal lines that run east to west around the Earth.
Frame: This is a line that surrounds a map showing its limitations.